Australia                               
Part A.1   Tariffs and imports: Summary and duty ranges      
Summary   Total Ag Non-Ag   WTO member since     1995
Simple average final bound     9.7  3.4  10.7    Binding coverage: Total   97.1 
Simple average MFN applied   2017  2.5  1.2  2.7  Non-Ag   96.7 
Trade weighted average   2016  4.2  2.4  4.3    Ag: Tariff quotas  (in %)   0.9
Imports in billion US$   2016  186.1  12.2  173.9    Ag: Special safeguards (in % )     0.9
                     
Frequency distribution  Duty-free 0 <= 5 5 <= 10 10 <= 15 15 <= 25 25 <= 50 50 <= 100 > 100 NAV
Tariff lines and import values (in %)  in %
Agricultural products    
Final bound      31.3    43.8    17.4     4.0     3.2     0.4       0       0     1.7
MFN applied 2017     76.8    22.7     0.1     0.1     0.3       0       0       0     0.9
Imports 2016     52.8    43.7     0.1     2.5     0.8       0       0       0     3.5
 Non-agricultural products    
Final bound      21.0    17.7    26.8    16.5     7.6     4.7     2.4       0     0.2
MFN applied 2017     46.9    53.1       0       0       0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.1
Imports 2016     44.9    55.0       0       0       0     0.0     0.0     0.0     0.1
Part A.2   Tariffs and imports by product groups        
  Final bound duties MFN applied duties  Imports 
Product groups AVG Duty-free Max Binding AVG Duty-free Max Share Duty-free
    in %   in %   in %   in %  in %
Animal products 1.5    69.2      16 100 0.4     92.8       5     0.4    90.3
Dairy products 3.7    20.0      21 100 3.1     76.2      21     0.4    42.5
Fruit, vegetables, plants 3.7    24.1      29 100 1.4     71.2       5     1.1    54.3
Coffee, tea 3.9    50.0      17 100 1.0     79.2       5     0.7    67.1
Cereals & preparations 2.7    26.9      17 100 1.1     76.7       5     1.7    31.3
Oilseeds, fats & oils 3.3    30.1      14 100 1.5     70.5       5     0.5    77.2
Sugars and confectionery 6.4       0      15 100 1.8     61.8       5     0.2    23.9
Beverages & tobacco 10.3     3.9      25 100 3.6     28.4       5     1.2    44.4
Cotton 1.2    40.0       2 100 0.0    100.0       0     0.0   100.0
Other agricultural products 2.0    30.2      20 100 0.3     94.7       5     0.5    93.8
Fish & fish products 0.6    79.4      10 100 0.0     99.6       5     0.8    86.1
Minerals & metals 6.7    21.9      45   97.7 2.7     45.5       5    11.6    48.3
Petroleum 0.0   100.0       0 100 0.0    100.0       0     9.0   100.0
Chemicals 9.0     9.4      55 100 1.7     65.1       5    11.4    52.7
Wood, paper, etc. 6.9    26.4      25 100 3.3     34.7       5     4.2    14.3
Textiles 18.2    13.5      55   90.0 4.2     16.4       5     2.2    10.5
Clothing 41.4     6.7      55   94.1 4.6      8.1       5     3.2     2.5
Leather, footwear, etc. 15.2     9.9      55   85.5 4.1     17.6       5     2.7     2.5
Non-electrical machinery 8.0    21.6      50   96.2 2.9     42.9       5    14.8    42.9
Electrical machinery 9.0    39.2      45   98.8 2.9     42.5       5    10.4    58.5
Transport equipment 12.5    10.6      40   99.2 5.2     32.2     163    15.8    12.9
Manufactures, n.e.s. 5.5    41.9      40   98.7 1.4     72.7       5     7.4    70.1
Part B   Exports to major trading partners and duties faced    
Major markets Bilateral imports Diversification MFN AVG of Pref. Duty-free imports
  in million 95% trade in no. of traded TL margin TL Value
  US$ HS 2-digit HS 6-digit Simple Weighted Weighted in % in %
Agricultural products        
1. China                                    2016  6,616 15  35      15.9     21.5      2.2 9.6  17.2 
2. Japan                                    2016  3,730 20  49      22.7     28.4     11.2 47.2  38.6 
3. United States of America               2016  3,189 17  43       5.2      6.9      2.7 84.7  79.4 
4. Indonesia                              2016  2,721 29  247      10.7      8.7      0.0 6.3  11.3 
5. Korea, Republic of                     2016  2,648 15  34      64.0     34.1      6.5 12.1  41.8 
Non-agricultural products        
1. China                                    2016  57,027 10  22       8.5      0.9      0.7 28.8  93.6 
2. Japan                                    2016  26,753 8  17       1.8      0.1      0.0 90.5  99.2 
3. Korea, Republic of                     2016  12,469 11  24       6.6      1.0      0.8 77.9  93.8 
4. European Union                         2016  11,557 41  237       4.3      0.3      0.0 22.6  93.4 
5. India                                    2016  9,125 10  19       8.9      3.7      0.0 4.6  59.1