Canada                                  
Part A.1   Tariffs and imports: Summary and duty ranges      
Summary   Total Ag Non-Ag   WTO member since     1995
Simple average final bound     6.6  16.0  5.2    Binding coverage: Total   99.7 
Simple average MFN applied   2017  4.0  15.7  2.1  Non-Ag   99.7 
Trade weighted average   2016  3.4  14.7  2.3    Ag: Tariff quotas  (in %)   9.6
Imports in billion US$   2016  392.6  33.7  358.9    Ag: Special safeguards (in % )     6.0
                     
Frequency distribution  Duty-free 0 <= 5 5 <= 10 10 <= 15 15 <= 25 25 <= 50 50 <= 100 > 100 NAV
Tariff lines and import values (in %)  in %
Agricultural products    
Final bound      46.1    16.0    20.8     8.2     1.3     2.0     0.8     4.7    19.5
MFN applied 2017     68.5     5.6    11.6     5.2     1.0     1.9     0.9     5.1    11.1
Imports 2016     53.6    14.4    16.7    10.7     0.2     1.8     0.2     2.5    12.3
 Non-agricultural products    
Final bound      38.1     7.5    39.3     7.9     6.8       0       0       0     0.3
MFN applied 2017     78.8     3.5    10.3     1.3     6.1       0       0       0       0
Imports 2016     66.6     1.4    27.8     0.7     3.5       0       0       0       0
Part A.2   Tariffs and imports by product groups        
  Final bound duties MFN applied duties  Imports 
Product groups AVG Duty-free Max Binding AVG Duty-free Max Share Duty-free
    in %   in %   in %   in %  in %
Animal products 27.3    46.1     405 100 24.2     66.0     405     0.8    61.6
Dairy products 218.5       0     314 100 249.0        0     314     0.1       0
Fruit, vegetables, plants 3.7    56.0      19 100 2.3     73.2      17     2.5    81.7
Coffee, tea 7.4    55.0     265 100 10.1     81.9     265     0.8    66.8
Cereals & preparations 17.5    15.3     277 100 20.4     46.8     277     1.6    17.3
Oilseeds, fats & oils 5.5    47.0     218 100 3.0     75.2     218     0.4    71.1
Sugars and confectionery 4.2     7.8      13 100 3.5     34.3      13     0.3    46.3
Beverages & tobacco 6.4    26.3     256 100 3.7     52.9     256     1.4    32.2
Cotton 0.8    90.0       8 100 0.0    100.0       0     0.0   100.0
Other agricultural products 6.3    65.9     484 100 5.7     90.7     484     0.7    58.3
Fish & fish products 1.0    80.0      11 100 0.9     80.2      11     0.7    78.4
Minerals & metals 2.7    50.6      16   99.5 1.0     85.0      16    11.9    83.6
Petroleum 6.8       0       8   80.0 0.9     82.8       5     5.6    99.3
Chemicals 4.4    28.2      16 100 0.7     88.5      16    11.9    73.6
Wood, paper, etc. 1.5    78.4      16 100 1.0     86.6      18     4.8    81.5
Textiles 10.6     9.2      18 100 2.3     83.2      18     1.7    45.1
Clothing 17.2     0.9      18 100 16.5      5.4      18     2.2     2.8
Leather, footwear, etc. 7.2    24.0      20 100 3.8     67.6      20     2.3    26.0
Non-electrical machinery 3.2    50.3      14 100 0.4     94.0       9    15.7    96.6
Electrical machinery 3.7    45.6      11 100 1.0     84.3       9     9.7    88.6
Transport equipment 5.6    27.8      16   93.3 5.5     41.2      25    19.2    13.6
Manufactures, n.e.s. 3.9    44.7      18   99.7 2.5     61.2      16     5.7    76.3
Part B   Exports to major trading partners and duties faced    
Major markets Bilateral imports Diversification MFN AVG of Pref. Duty-free imports
  in million 95% trade in no. of traded TL margin TL Value
  US$ HS 2-digit HS 6-digit Simple Weighted Weighted in % in %
Agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2016  22,167 25  182       6.9      4.1      4.0 92.5  99.4 
2. China                                    2016  4,748 10  16      15.6     11.1      0.0 6.2  0.6 
3. Japan                                    2016  3,263 15  31      14.7     10.8      0.0 32.5  61.0 
4. European Union                         2016  2,464 19  52      12.5      3.4      0.0 17.6  79.4 
5. Mexico                                   2016  1,647 17  42      17.1     11.6     11.0 94.2  98.7 
Non-agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2016  237,646 54  756       3.4      1.5      1.5 100.0  100.0 
2. European Union                         2016  27,159 54  533       4.5      0.9      0.0 23.0  80.4 
3. China                                    2016  12,688 37  231       8.3      3.7      0.0 11.6  48.1 
4. Mexico                                   2016  7,744 50  516       4.5      4.6      4.6 100.0  100.0 
5. Japan                                    2016  5,926 36  165       2.2      0.9      0.0 63.7  79.8