European Union                          
Part A.1   Tariffs and imports: Summary and duty ranges      
Summary   Total Ag Non-Ag   WTO member since     1995
Simple average final bound     4.8  10.9  3.9    Binding coverage: Total 100
Simple average MFN applied   2015  5.1  10.7  4.2  Non-Ag 100
Trade weighted average   2014  2.7  8.5  2.3    Ag: Tariff quotas  (in %)  11.3
Imports in billion US$   2014  1,929.6  131.2  1,798.4    Ag: Special safeguards (in % )    23.9
                     
Frequency distribution  Duty-free 0 <= 5 5 <= 10 10 <= 15 15 <= 25 25 <= 50 50 <= 100 > 100 NAV
Tariff lines and import values (in %)  in %
Agricultural products    
Final bound      32.3    11.0    17.1    14.4    11.1     9.4     2.3     0.4    32.0
MFN applied 2015     31.7    11.2    17.8    14.1    10.6     8.4     2.4     0.3    32.2
Imports 2014     46.7    11.0    16.9    10.2     4.8     7.7     2.5     0.1    18.9
 Non-agricultural products    
Final bound      28.4    37.2    26.6     6.9     0.9     0.0       0       0     0.6
MFN applied 2015     26.5    37.5    27.1     7.3     1.5     0.1       0       0     0.6
Imports 2014     63.1    20.0    10.0     5.9     1.0     0.0       0       0     0.5
Part A.2   Tariffs and imports by product groups        
  Final bound duties MFN applied duties  Imports 
Product groups AVG Duty-free Max Binding AVG Duty-free Max Share Duty-free
    in %   in %   in %   in %  in %
Animal products 16.9    20.6     111 100 15.0     28.4     111     0.4    17.4
Dairy products 35.5       0     105 100 33.5        0      96     0.0       0
Fruit, vegetables, plants 9.9    22.6     146 100 10.3     19.6     146     1.7    15.0
Coffee, tea 6.0    27.1      19 100 6.0     27.1      19     1.0    72.1
Cereals & preparations 15.7     6.3      62 100 12.4     13.0      42     0.6    43.4
Oilseeds, fats & oils 6.0    48.2     138 100 6.0     48.1     138     1.8    72.8
Sugars and confectionery 20.6       0      74 100 20.2     11.8      63     0.2    22.7
Beverages & tobacco 19.0    23.4     152 100 19.4     19.2     135     0.6    21.1
Cotton 0.0   100.0       0 100 0.0    100.0       0     0.0   100.0
Other agricultural products 3.1    65.9      58 100 3.2     65.5      58     0.5    70.1
Fish & fish products 11.0    12.0      26 100 12.0      8.2      26     1.4    25.6
Minerals & metals 2.0    49.5      12 100 2.0     50.2      12    16.1    70.4
Petroleum 2.0    50.0       5 100 2.5     33.7       5    23.1    98.4
Chemicals 4.6    20.0       7 100 4.5     22.3      13     9.8    54.2
Wood, paper, etc. 0.9    84.1      10 100 0.9     81.1      10     2.6    86.7
Textiles 6.5     3.4      12 100 6.5      2.1      12     2.4    16.8
Clothing 11.5       0      12 100 11.4      0.3      12     4.7     0.4
Leather, footwear, etc. 4.2    27.8      17 100 4.1     26.3      17     2.6    15.7
Non-electrical machinery 1.7    26.5      10 100 1.9     21.3      10    10.3    56.7
Electrical machinery 2.4    31.5      14 100 2.8     20.8      14    10.1    63.1
Transport equipment 4.1    15.7      22 100 4.3     12.8      22     4.1    13.7
Manufactures, n.e.s. 2.5    25.7      14 100 2.6     20.9      14     6.1    53.9
Part B   Exports to major trading partners and duties faced    
Major markets Bilateral imports Diversification MFN AVG of Pref. Duty-free imports
  in million 95% trade in no. of traded TL margin TL Value
  US$ HS 2-digit HS 6-digit Simple Weighted Weighted in % in %
Agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2014  21,787 27  152       7.1      2.1      0.0 23.8  45.3 
2. Russian Federation                     2014  11,840 26  239      15.4     13.8      1.3 5.8  9.4 
3. China                                    2014  10,474 28  101      15.2     11.0      0.0 9.2  5.4 
4. Switzerland                            2014  9,385 27  324      38.9     23.1      4.2 31.7  40.7 
5. Japan                                    2014  9,237 30  130      21.4     14.5      0.0 23.9  35.5 
Non-agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2014  368,105 69  1,512       3.5      1.1      0.0 46.8  73.4 
2. China                                    2014  232,587 59  1,284       9.2      8.0      0.0 8.1  18.6 
3. Switzerland                            2014  172,580 65  1,391       1.8      0.9      0.9 99.0  99.9 
4. Russian Federation                     2014  102,793 58  1,365       8.0      8.5      0.1 17.9  32.0 
5. Turkey                                   2014  85,315 66  1,558       4.3      3.9      3.9 99.4  100.0