European Union                          
Part A.1   Tariffs and imports: Summary and duty ranges      
Summary   Total Ag Non-Ag   WTO member since     1995
Simple average final bound     5.0  11.9  3.9    Binding coverage: Total 100
Simple average MFN applied   2016  5.2  11.1  4.2  Non-Ag 100
Trade weighted average   2015  3.0  7.8  2.6    Ag: Tariff quotas  (in %)  13.2
Imports in billion US$   2015  1,721.6  122.0  1,599.6    Ag: Special safeguards (in % )    23.0
                     
Frequency distribution  Duty-free 0 <= 5 5 <= 10 10 <= 15 15 <= 25 25 <= 50 50 <= 100 > 100 NAV
Tariff lines and import values (in %)  in %
Agricultural products    
Final bound      31.4    10.7    17.4    14.1    11.7     9.2     2.7     0.7    31.7
MFN applied 2016     31.7    10.7    18.2    13.5    11.7     8.0     2.4     0.6    32.1
Imports 2015     44.5    12.5    15.9     9.0     8.5     5.0     1.5     0.0    20.3
 Non-agricultural products    
Final bound      28.9    36.4    26.9     6.7     1.0     0.0       0       0     0.6
MFN applied 2016     26.4    37.6    27.1     7.3     1.5     0.1       0       0     0.6
Imports 2015     55.8    24.9    11.9     6.3     1.1     0.0       0       0     0.6
Part A.2   Tariffs and imports by product groups        
  Final bound duties MFN applied duties  Imports 
Product groups AVG Duty-free Max Binding AVG Duty-free Max Share Duty-free
    in %   in %   in %   in %  in %
Animal products 16.2    24.3     104 100 15.7     28.4     104     0.4    17.9
Dairy products 37.4       0     105 100 35.4        0      96     0.0       0
Fruit, vegetables, plants 11.3    21.7     157 100 10.5     19.4     157     2.0    14.7
Coffee, tea 6.1    27.1      23 100 6.1     27.1      23     1.1    73.3
Cereals & preparations 15.9     6.5      63 100 12.8     13.0      63     0.6    35.6
Oilseeds, fats & oils 5.8    47.0     170 100 5.6     48.1     170     1.7    73.4
Sugars and confectionery 24.6       0     127 100 23.6     11.8     127     0.1    23.3
Beverages & tobacco 19.0    19.6     152 100 19.6     19.2     152     0.7    21.6
Cotton 0.0   100.0       0 100 0.0    100.0       0     0.0   100.0
Other agricultural products 4.8    64.7     366 100 3.6     65.5     117     0.5    69.4
Fish & fish products 11.4    11.8      26 100 12.0      8.2      26     1.4    25.3
Minerals & metals 1.9    50.0      12 100 2.0     50.2      12    15.2    67.6
Petroleum 3.1    20.0       5 100 2.5     33.7       5    14.6    98.3
Chemicals 4.5    21.9       7 100 4.5     22.3      13    11.5    51.8
Wood, paper, etc. 0.9    82.9      10 100 0.9     81.0      11     2.8    85.7
Textiles 6.6     3.1      12 100 6.5      2.1      12     2.5    16.1
Clothing 11.5       0      12 100 11.5        0      12     5.0       0
Leather, footwear, etc. 4.2    25.7      17 100 4.1     26.3      17     2.8    12.9
Non-electrical machinery 1.7    27.6      10 100 1.9     21.3      10    11.6    50.9
Electrical machinery 2.4    32.8      14 100 2.8     20.8      14    12.9    60.1
Transport equipment 4.1    16.5      22 100 4.3     12.8      22     5.6     9.6
Manufactures, n.e.s. 2.4    27.1      14 100 2.6     20.9      14     7.0    50.8
Part B   Exports to major trading partners and duties faced    
Major markets Bilateral imports Diversification MFN AVG of Pref. Duty-free imports
  in million 95% trade in no. of traded TL margin TL Value
  US$ HS 2-digit HS 6-digit Simple Weighted Weighted in % in %
Agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2015  22,666 27  159       6.7      2.2      0.0 23.3  45.6 
2. China                                    2015  12,981 28  94      15.2      9.2      0.0 8.3  5.6 
3. Switzerland                            2015  8,326 27  320      37.4     21.9      4.4 32.3  41.8 
4. Japan                                    2015  7,452 30  141      21.2     14.4      0.0 23.9  33.6 
5. Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of               2015  6,183 22  96       4.9     23.4      0.0 24.4  28.0 
Non-agricultural products        
1. United States of America               2015  372,005 67  1,426       3.9      1.6      0.0 40.1  58.3 
2. China                                    2015  195,775 60  1,292       9.2      7.5      0.0 8.4  19.6 
3. Switzerland                            2015  154,244 65  1,350       1.9      0.9      0.9 99.0  99.9 
4. Turkey                                   2015  74,911 67  1,556       4.6      4.2      4.2 99.4  100.0 
5. Japan                                    2015  63,247 64  1,077       3.9      1.4      0.0 48.2  78.0